Do You Know How to Calculate a Home���s Square Footage?
Understanding your home’s square footage requires more than just geometry. All square feet are not created equal. There are basements. There are terraces. There are garages remodelled into living spaces, and there are oversized storage rooms locked in remote, poorly accessible corners.But when it comes to calculating a home’s square footage, we are left with a number – a simple number often relied upon to estimate a home’s value, cost to construct and overall liveability. So it is worth understanding exactly what those simple digits represent. How are square feet calculated? What rules are used to figure it accurately, and what are the potential flaws in the venerated number known as the square footage of a home? Here’s how to calculate square feet.
If you’re like me, you have forgotten a thing or two from school-learned geometry. But I still bet you’ve got the chops to figure square footage if necessary.For the most part, it’s all about rectangles, and with the help of a few formulas, you can easily figure the square feet of an odd triangle or two as well.We’ll break it down for you, but first, let’s review the rules used in figuring the official square footage of a home.
The first rule is there is no first rule. Although guidelines have been adopted to help unify square footage standards (the American National Standards Institute, or ANSI, is the most widely recognised standard in the world), there are grey areas, malleable guidelines and unique, individual interpretations often resulting in varying calculations for identical properties by real estate agents, appraisers, contractors, building departments and community tax assessors.
Rely on this
Calculations for the square footage of a home are taken from the outside dimensions of the structure (so exterior and interior wall thickness is included).If your home exterior is easily accessible, you can do it yourself with a 100-foot tape measure. Walk around the exterior measuring each segment and drawing the shape as you go. If, like most homes, your exterior has a series of square corners, you will be able to take measurements easily at the foundation, rounding measurements to the nearest half foot and sketching the exterior shape of your home.If there are overhangs or slopes making exterior measurements difficult, measure from the inside, and add the width of each exterior wall (likely half a foot, but you can check at the door jamb of an exterior wall).
The next step is to sit down with that paper and break the shape into a series of rectangles. (There are plenty of instructional videos available online if you’d like a hands-on lesson). Then it’s a matter of using simple (relatively speaking) math:
Width x Length = Area
You might find a triangle or two (Area = 0.5 x Base x Height). For example, a bay window with a pair of angled walls might (geometrically) be a pair of triangles with a rectangle in the middle, as shown in the sketch here. Your calculation for each triangle might look like this:
Area = 0.5 (4 feet base x 3 feet height)
Area = 0.5 (12 feet)
Area = 6 square feet
(Remember, this is floor space we’re talking about, so “height” in this sense is more like the length from where the angle of the triangle begins in the window to the line of where the bay window punches out from the facade of the home, as shown in the sketch.)
Add up the spaces of each of your rectangles and triangles, and subtract any areas that should not be included in overall square footage (for instance, partially enclosed patios or exterior storage areas), and you arrive at the total area (square feet).This formula can be used for specific rooms as well, if you’re calculating for something like installing tile, carpet or wood flooring.
If only it were that simple
Angled walls are only the beginning of your problems in calculating square feet. Some additional, generally accepted rules follow:
Below grade, basements are generally not included in a home’s square feet. They are often noted separately.
Stairs are included.
Garages and other non-conditioned spaces are not included. Some garages have been converted into habitable spaces and are included in the square footage calculations.
Condominium square footage is typically calculated using interior dimensions.
The upstairs areas are included in a home’s square feet, but open spaces, such as the vaulted area seen in the photo here, are not. The foyer area shown is only counted once. In calculating the square footage of homes with second stories, second floor measurements sometimes need to be taken from the interior, investigating the overall shape of the second floor as it pertains to the first. The exterior wall thickness is then added and included in the overall square footage.
Storage rooms are included in square footage calculations if the room is conditioned in a similar manner to the rest of the home and is accessible from living space in the home.
Square footage for tradespeople
During construction or remodelling, many tradespeople will be more concerned with the actual square footage relating to their specific task. For instance, a hardwood floor installer will typically take measurements from the interior dimensions of each floor space where coverage is required. The intention is to figure area for installation, not the accurate square footage per guidelines. A tile setter will not count the space of walls, cabinets, niches or any area not requiring tile. The same principle relates to carpet installers and so on.Again, in these cases, the professionals still use the same formula to calculate the square feet of specific rooms: Width x Length = Area.
If you feel you are up to the challenge yourself, break out the 100-foot tape measure and get to work yourself. In a home like the one shown here, you might save yourself quite a headache by having your square footage calculated professionally by an builder. But for simpler structures, there is no reason you can’t get your own hands dirty and see how well you recall the lessons from school geometry class.